Pulpitis (inflammation of the pulp) occurs when the infection penetrates the dental cavity through a thin layer of infected dentin.
The most common cause of pulpitis is deep caries. Microorganisms at the bottom of the carious cavity can migrate into the pulp before the final destruction of the dentin. The reason is simple - dentin is a porous substance. Normally it consists of microscopic system of canals. With a significant destruction of dentin, microorganisms can move with impunity along these canals, even expand them. The inflammatory process that occurs as a result of the multiplication of microbes in the pulp takes place in the closed space of the dental cavity and leads to swelling, which in turn leads to compression of the nerve endings of the pulp, followed by the development of neuritis and the onset of intolerable pain.
Treatment of pulpitis is carried out with mandatory preliminary anesthesia. In our clinic hypoallergenic anesthetics of strong action are used. Conventional pain relievers can only help at the initial stage of the disease. Alas, most patients come to the doctor when the painkillers do not help and the process is finally launched and passed from the acute to the chronic stage.
Anesthesia is necessary for subsequent treatment, which is usually reduced to removing the damaged pulp, restoring the function and shape of the tooth, to prevent possible complications of inflammation. At the discretion of the doctor, pulp-preserving treatment with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs is possible. The main positive aspect of preserving pulp is the preservation of the trophic (feeding) function of the tooth tissues. This increases the ability of the tooth to resist external influences.
Unfortunately, pulpitis is treated today by the removal of pulp. And so it is much more important to think in advance about the prevention of the disease, in particular, not to allow a prolonged presence of caries. Even though tooth decay usually takes place in a painless form, it can be easily identified with a preventive visit to the dentist once a year, and, of course, even better - every six months. It's not terrible at all, and most importantly - it does not hurt.
Remember that timely dental treatment saves not only nerves and money, but also your precious time!